List of IoT operating systems

A List of Internet of Things Operating systems


An IoT operating system  is an operating system that is designed to perform within the restrictions that are specific to Internet of Things devices these include limitations on memory, size, power and processing capacity.

List of IoT Operating systems

Apache Mynewt –
Apache Mynewt is a real-time, modular operating system for connected IoT devices that need to operate for long periods of time under power, memory, and storage constraints. The first connectivity stack offered is BLE 4.2.


ARM mbed
The ARM® mbed™ IoT Device Platform provides the operating system, cloud services, tools and developer ecosystem to make the creation and deployment of commercial, standards-based IoT solutions possible at scale.


Contiki is an open source operating system for the Internet of Things. Contiki connects tiny low-cost, low-power microcontrollers to the Internet. Contiki is a powerful toolbox for building complex wireless systems.

Contiki provides powerful low-power Internet communication. Contiki supports fully standard IPv6 and IPv4, along with the recent low-power wireless standards: 6lowpan, RPL, CoAP. With Contiki’s ContikiMAC and sleepy routers, even wireless routers can be battery-operated.


FreeRTOS is a popular real-time operating system kernel for embedded devices, that has been ported to 35 microcontrollers.

FreeRTOS is designed to be simple and easy to use: Only 3 source files that are common to all RTOS ports, and one microcontroller specific source file are required, and its API is designed to be simple and intuitive.


Google Android Things
Android Things lets you experiment with building devices on a trusted platform, without previous knowledge of embedded system design:

Develop using the Android SDK and Android Studio
Access hardware such as displays and cameras natively through the Android framework
Connect your apps with Google services
Integrate additional peripherals through the Peripheral I/O APIs (GPIO, I2C, SPI, UART, PWM)
Use the Android Things Console to push over-the-air feature and security updates


OpenWrt is an operating system (in particular, an embedded operating system) based on the Linux kernel, primarily used on embedded devices to route network traffic. The main components are the Linux kernel, util-linux, uClibc or musl, and BusyBox. All components have been optimized for size, to be small enough for fitting into the limited storage and memory available in home routers.


Snappy Ubuntu
Snappy Ubuntu Core is a new rendition of Ubuntu with transactional updates. It provides a minimal server image with the same libraries as today’s Ubuntu, but applications are provided through a simpler mechanism.


NodeOS is a lightweight operating system using Node.js as userspace. NodeOS is an operating system built entirely in Javascript and using npm as it’s package manager. Any package in npm is a NodeOS package, which at last count was 244, 180 packages. The goal of NodeOS is to provide just enough to let npm provide the rest. Since anyone can contribute to npm, anyone can create NodeOS packages.


Raspbian is a free operating system based on Debian optimized for the Raspberry Pi hardware.


RIOT powers the Internet of Things like Linux powers the Internet. RIOT is a free, open source operating system developed by a grassroots community gathering companies, academia, and hobbyists, distributed all around the world.

RIOT supports most low-power IoT devices and microcontroller architectures (32-bit, 16-bit, 8-bit). RIOT aims to implement all relevant open standards supporting an Internet of Things that is connected, secure, durable & privacy-friendly.


Tiny OS
TinyOS is an open source, BSD-licensed operating system designed for low-power wireless devices, such as those used in sensor networks, ubiquitous computing, personal area networks, smart buildings, and smart meters.


UBOS is a Linux distro that focuses on making systems administration of home servers and Indie IoT devices running web applications much simpler. A derivative of Arch Linux, it runs on PCs, Raspberry Pis, ESPRESSObin, and cloud.


Windows 10 IoT Core
Windows 10 IoT is a family of Windows 10 editions targeted towards a wide range of intelligent devices, from small industrial gateways to larger more complex devices like point of sales terminals and ATMs.


Zephyr Project
The Zephyr™ Project is a scalable real-time operating system (RTOS) supporting multiple hardware architectures, optimized for resource constrained devices, and built with security in mind.

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